The National Guard and its Role
in the Korean War

[KWE Note: This page opened on the Korean War Educator on Nov 16, 2004.]

Page Contents:


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Introduction

When the Korean War broke out, American troops stationed in neighboring Japan were unexpectedly thrown into war, and quickly discovered the strength and determination of an aggressing North Korean enemy.  Hundreds upon hundreds of combat-experienced and inexperienced American soldiers were killed in those first days of war on the Korean peninsula, so much so that MacArthur requested more troops to bring units up to strength and replace battle casualties.  He asked for artillery batteries, tank battalions, filler ground troops, a Marine Corps combat team, combat engineers, and more.


(Click picture for a larger view)

(Click picture for a larger view)

(Click picture for a larger view)

Unfortunately, after World War II ended, the regular U.S. military had been considerably downsized.  MacArthur's request for more troops was approved, but in order to meet his needs quota, it became necessary to activate thousands of National Guardsmen from all across the United States.  From then on, our nation's National Guard played an important role in the Korean War.

According to the National Guard Bureau in Arlington, Virginia, about one third (138,600 men) of the Army Guard's total strength was mobilized when war broke out in Korea. Forty-three units, including two infantry divisions, actually served in Korea. Other guard units were deployed to stateside and worldwide locations close to and far away from Korea.

Not just National Guard manpower was needed, either.  Some 67 percent of the Army National Guard's equipment was also mobilized for war.  According to The Korean War: An Encyclopedia, edited by Stanley Sandler:

"The Army National Guard gave up motor vehicles, tanks, and other ground weapons, plus light aircraft.  Besides 156 M-26 tanks, some 592 M-4 medium tanks were withdrawn from National Guard inventories.  The impact is suggested by the fact that, a year into the war, the Army National Guard had on hand only 33 percent of its authorized equipment.  Likewise, the Air National Guard was stripped of its F-74 jet fighter aircraft, and even such items as life vests, life rafts, and spare parts for F-51 aircraft were withdrawn for use by the active forces." [p. 300]

Elements of the Air National Guard were deployed, too.  By Fall of 1950, about one sixth of the Air National Guard had been activated.  During 1951, 22 of the 27 Air National Guard wings, with supporting units, were called up.  Like the Army National Guard, the Air National Guard's equipment was also put into action for the war effort, including F-84 jet fighters, life vests and rafts, and spare parts for aircraft. 

The Guardsmen left civilian jobs, new brides, young children, college studies, and many post-World War II hopes and dreams when their units were activated for the war.  Their contribution to the war effort was so significant that the Korean War Educator created this page to honor and remember our country's National Guardsmen, and to provide information about the National Guard's important role in the Korean War.  

The National Guard page of the Korean War Educator opened on Nov 16, 2004 with emphasis on the Army National Guard.  However, as the weeks and months go by, our readers will see extensive information and statistics added about the Air National Guard in Korea, too. Be sure to revisit this page often to see the progress being made on this important aspect of the Korean War.
 

 


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Increments of Activation

[Source: "When Are We Going? The Army National Guard and the Korean War, 1950-1953," authored by Renee Hylton, National Guard Bureau, Arlington, VA, p. 49.]

Increment No. 1 - 14 Aug 1950
Increment No. 2 - 14 Aug 1950
Increment No. 3 - 19 Aug 1950
Increment No. 4 - 1 Sep 1950
Increment No. 5 - 3 Sep 1950
Increment No. 6 - 14 Sep 1950
Increment No. 7 - 11 Sep 1950
Increment No. 8 - 11 Sep 1950
Increment No. 9 - 15 Sep 1950
Increment No. 10 - 5 Oct 1950
Increment No. 11 - 15 Oct 1950
Increment No. 12 - 21 Oct 1950
Increment No. 13 - 16 Jan 1951
Increment No. 14 - 23 Jan 1951
Increment No. 15 - 16 Mar 1951
Increment No. 16 - 1 May 1951
Increment No. 17 - 15 May 1951
Increment No. 18 - 15 Jan 1952
Increment No. 19 - 15 Feb 1952

 


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Army National Guard Units That Served in Korea

[Source: "When Are We Going? The Army National Guard and the Korean War, 1950-1953," authored by Renee Hylton, National Guard Bureau, Arlington, VA, p. 48.]
 

Unit State Federalized Arrived in
Korea
30th Ordnance Battalion, HQ & HQ Det. NC 14 Aug 1950 21 Mar 1951
32nd Ordnance Battalion, HQ & HQ Det. IL 19 Aug 1950 10 Jul 1951
32d Quartermaster Group, HQ & HQ Co. PA 11 Sep 1950 17 Feb 1952
40th Infantry Division CA 1 Sep 1950  *11 Jan 1952
45th Infantry Division OK 1 Sep 1950 * 5 Dec 1951
65th Infantry Regiment PR (Regular Army;
later ARNG)
 
101st Signal Battalion NY 19 Aug 1950 7 Apr 1951
106th Ordnance (H) Maintenance Co MO 9 Aug 1950 26 Mar 1951
107th Ordnance (M) Maintenance Co. MI 9 Aug 1950 9 Mar 1951
107th Transportation Truck Co. AL 9 Aug 1950 8 Jan 1951
116th Engineer Combat Battalion ID 3 Sep 1950 28 Feb 1951
121st Transportation Truck Co. PA 19 Aug 1950 1 Jan 1951
131st Transportation Truck Co. PA 19 Aug 1950 1 Jan 1951
138th Engineer Pontoon Bridge Co. MS 14 Aug 1950 6 Feb 1951
145th Field Artillery Battalion UT 3 Sep 1950 5 Dec 1951
151st Engineer Combat Battalion AL 14 Aug 1950 9 Feb 1951
167th Transportation Truck Battalion, HQ & HQ Det. PA 9 Aug 1950 1 Jan 1951
176th Armored Field Artillery Battalion PA 19 Aug 1950 17 Feb 1951
194th Engineer Combat Battalion TN 19 Aug 1950 16 Feb 1951
196th Field Artillery Battalion TN 19 Aug 1950 9 Feb 1951
204th Field Artillery Battalion UT 19 Aug 1950 2 Feb 1951
213th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion PA 14 Aug 1950 11 Nov 1951
213th Armored Field Artillery Battalion UT 19 Aug 1950 16 Feb 1951
217th Medical Collecting Company AR 19 Aug 1950 4 May 1951
227th AAA Group, HQ & HQ Battery FL 15 May 1951 21 Mar 1952
231st Transportation Truck Battalion, HQ & HQ Det. MD 19 Aug 1950 1 Jan 1951
235th Field Artillery Observation Battalion PA 1 Sep 1950 10 Dec 1952
252d Transportation Truck Co. AL 19 Aug 1950 1 Jan 1951
300th Armored Field Artillery Battalion WY 19 Aug 1950 16 Feb 1951
378th Engineer Combat Battalion NC 14 Aug 1950 24 Feb 1951
568th Ordnance (H) Maintenance Co. TN 14 Aug 1950 19 Mar 1951
623d Field Artillery Battalion KY 1 Sep 1950 23 Dec 1951
715th Transportation Truck Company DC 14 Aug 1950 5 Jan 1951
726th Transportation Truck Company MD 19 Aug 1950 31 Dec 1950
773d Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion NY 1 May 1951 18 Oct 1952
936th Field Artillery Battalion AR 19 Aug 1950 10 Feb 1951
937th Field Artillery Battalion AR 19 Aug 1950 10 Feb 1951
955th Field Artillery Battalion NY 19 Aug 1950 2 Feb 1951
987th Armored Field Artillery Battalion OH 14 Aug 1950 16 Feb 1951
1092d Engineer Combat Battalion WV 19 Aug 1950 3 Mar 1951
1169th Engineer Group, HQ & HQ Co. AL 14 Aug 1950 28 Feb 1951
1343d Engineer Combat Battalion AL 14 Aug 1950 9 Feb 1951
1437th Engineer Treadway Bridge Co. MI 14 Aug 1950 2 Mar 1951
2998th Engineer Treadway Bridge Co. TN 19 Aug 1950 27 Feb 1951

*First divisional elements arrive.  Note: Two ARNG infantry divisions, the 28th (PA) and 43d (RI and CT), deployed to Germany after Federalization.


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Army National Guard Units Federalized for the War

[Source: "When Are We Going? The Army National Guard and the Korean War, 1950-1953," authored by Renee Hylton, National Guard Bureau, Arlington, VA, p. 49-61.]

Alabama
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
31st Infantry Division (in part) 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Infantry Division HQ (in part) 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Infantry Division Med Det., Division Headquarters 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Infantry Division HQ Co. 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Military Police Co. 13 30 Jun 1954
731st Ordnance Maintenance Co. 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Quartermaster Co. 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Signal Co. 13 30 Jun 1954
167th Infantry 13 30 Jun 1954
200th Infantry 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Div Arty, HQ & HQ Btry (in part) 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Div Arty, Medical Det 13 30 Jun 1954
117th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 13 30 Jun 1954
933d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 13 30 Jun 1954
104th AAA AW Battalion (SP) 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Infantry Division Band 13 30 Jun 1954
226th AAA Group, HQ & Q Battery  6 3 Sep 1952
711th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm)  6 3 Sep 1952
464th AAA AW Battalion (Mbl) 14 22 Dec 1952
378th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C  1 23 Oct 1953
1169th Engineer Combat Group, HQ & HQ Co.  1 20 Jan 1955
151st Engineer Combat Battalion  2 21 Feb 1955
1343d Engineer Combat Battalion  2 21 Feb 1955
131st Heavy Tank Battalion  2 17 Dec 1954
109th Ordnance (M) Maintenance Co.  7 1 Dec 1954
107th Transportation Truck Company  3 21 Feb 1955
252d Transportation Truck Company  3 21 Feb 1955

Arkansas
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
142d Field Artillery Group, HQ & HQ Battery 5 17 Dec 1954
936th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 3 10 Nov 1954
937th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Gun, SP) 3 26 Nov 1954
101st Med Battalion, HQ & HQ Det. 7 26 Nov 1954
217th Medical Collection Co (Sep) 3 21 Feb 1953
218th Motor Ambulance Co (Sep) 14 20 Dec 1954

California
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
40th Infantry Division 4 30 Jun 1954
40th Infantry Division Headquarters 4 30 Jun 1954
40th Infantry Division, Med Det, Division Headquarters 4 30 Jun 1954
40h Infantry Division Headquarters Co. 4 30 Jun 1954
40th Military Police Company 4 30 Jun 1954
40th Quartermaster Company 4 30 Jun 1954
40th Signal Company 4 30 Jun 1954
160th Infantry 4 30 Jun 1954
223d Infantry 4 30 Jun 1954
224th Infantry 4 30 Jun 1954
40th Division Artillery HQ & HQ Battery 4 30 Jun 1954
40th Division Artillery, Med Det 4 30 Jun 1954
143d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 30 Jun 1954
625th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 30 Jun 1954
980th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 30 Jun 1954
981st Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer) 4 30 Jun 1954
140th AAA AW Battalion (SP) 4 30 Jun 1954
140th Heavy Tank Battalion 4 30 Jun 1954
40th Recon Company 4 30 Jun 1954
578th Engineer Combat Battalion 4 30 Jun 1954
115th Medical Battalion 4 30 Jun 1954
40th Infantry Division Band 4 30 Jun 1954
250th AAA Gp HQ & HQ Battery 2 20 Jul 1952
718th AAA Gun Bn (90mm) 17 14 May 1953
719th AAA Gun Bn (90mm) 2 20 May 1952
728th AAA Gun Bn (90mm) 17 14 May 1953
746th AAA Gun Bn (120mm) 2 13 Jun 1952
184th AAA Opn Det 7 10 Aug 1952
186th AAA Opn Det 6 3 Sep 1952
1401st Engineer Combat Battalion 7 17 Jan 1955
1402d Engineer Combat Battalion 7 17 Jan 1955
3632d Ordnance (M) Maintenance Company 14 20 Jan 1955
161st Ordnance Depot Co. 1 10 Mar 1955
425th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 1 15 Nov 1954
93d Army Band 11 24 Feb 1955
117th Transportation Truck Company 7 10 Mar 1955

Colorado
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
193d Heavy Tank Battalion 5 2 Jul 1952
199th Engineer Combat Battalion 7 17 Jan 1955
947th Clearing Company (Sep) 7 9 Feb 1955
869 Medical Collection Co (Sep) 7 9 Feb 1955
928th Motor Ambulance Co (Sep) 14 7 Mar 1955
43d Infantry Division, Med Det. Division Headquarters 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Military Police Company 4 15 Jun 1954
102d Infantry 4 15 Jun 1954
169th Infantry 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Division Artillery, Med Det. (in part) 4 15 Jun 1954
192d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 15 Jun 1954
963d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 15 Jun 1954
143d Heavy Tank Battalion 4 15 Jun 1954
118th Medical Battalion 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Infantry Division Band 4 15 Jun 1954
172d AAA Opn Det 1 13 Jul 1952
208th AAA Gp HQ & HQ Battery 17 13 May 1953
242d AAA Gp HQ & HQ Battery 17 14 May 1953
238th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 1 13 Jun 1952
745 AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 1 13 Apr 1952
400th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 14 7 Mar 1955
[KWE Note:  The following observation was sent to the KWE by a veteran of the 238th AAA Gun Battalion:  "In the subject list I notice that at least two units attributed to Colorado were actually units from Connecticut  (1) 238th AAA Gun Bn (2) 745th Gun Bn.  I served as Bn Radar Sergeant for the 238th at Itazuki AFB, Japan. - Albert R. Brown  Melbourne, FL"]

 

Connecticut
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
43d Infantry Division (in part)    
43d Division Headquarters (in part) 4 16 Jun 1954
43d Division Headquarters Company 4 15 Jun 1954
[KWE Note:  The following observation was sent to the KWE by a veteran of the 238th AAA Gun Battalion:  "In the subject list I notice that at least two units attributed to Colorado were actually units from Connecticut  (1) 238th AAA Gun Bn (2) 745th Gun Bn.  I served as Bn Radar Sergeant for the 238th at Itazuki AFB, Japan. - Albert R. Brown  Melbourne, FL"]

Delaware
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
736th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 2 28 Aug 1952
286th AAA Opn Det 16 18 Mar 1955
361st Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 15 Nov 1954
 

District of Columbia
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
260th AAA Gp HQ & HQ Battery 7 10 Sep 1952
260th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 31 Jan 1953
380th AAA AW Battalion (Mobile) 17 14 Apr 1953
370th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 13 Oct 1953
715th Transportation Truck Company 1 21 Jan 1955
163d Military Police Battalion 5 2 Jul 1952
171st Military Police Battalion 7 10 Jul 1952
 

Florida
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
227th AAA Gp HQ & HQ Battery 17 14 May 1953
712th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 30 Apr 1953
144th Transportation Truck Company 7 10 Mar 1955
 

Georgia
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
108th AAA Brig HQ & HQ Battery 1 13 Jun 1952
178th AAA Opn Det 1 13 Aug 1952
101st AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 1 13 Apr 1952
250th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 1 13 May 1952
420th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 15 Nov 1954
 

Idaho
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
116th Engineer Combat Battalion 5 20 Jan 1955
148th Field Artillery Battalion 16 18 Mar 1955
25th Army Band 11 24 Jun 1955
 

Illinois
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
44th Infantry Division 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Infantry Division Headquarters 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Infantry Division, Med Det., Division Headquarters 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Infantry Division Headquarters Company 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Military Police Company 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Ordnance Maintenance Company 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Quartermaster Company 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Signal Company 19 10 Oct 1954
123d Infantry 19 10 Oct 1954
129th Infantry 19 10 Oct 1954
130th Infantry 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Division Artillery Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Division Artillery Med Det. 19 10 Oct 1954
209th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 19 10 Oct 1954
223d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 19 10 Oct 1954
233d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 10 10 Oct 1954
123d Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howtizer) 19 10 Oct 1954
144th AAA AW Battalion (SP) 19 10 Oct 1954
106th Heavy Tank Battalion 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Recon Company 19 10 Oct 1954
135th Engineer Battalion 19 10 Oct 1954
203d Medical Battalion 19 10 Oct 1954
44th Infantry Division Band 19 10 Oct 1954
184th Medical Collection Company 7 9 Feb 1955
698th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 31 Jan 1953
768th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 17 14 Apr 1953
179th AAA Opn Det 16 18 Mar 1955
385th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 14 7 Mar 1955
32d Ordnance Battalion Headquarters & Headquarters Det 3 26 May 1955
3637th Ordnance M Auto Maintenance Company 7 9 Feb 1955
 

Indiana
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
915th Mtr Ambulance Co (Sep) 5 6 Jan 1955
 

Iowa
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
194th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 7 17 Jan 1955
3657 Ordnance M Maintenance Company 14 7 Mar 1955
 

Kansas
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
130th Field Artillery Group, HQ & HQ Battery 7 25 Jul 1952
195th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, trac-dr) 16 10 Oct 1954
174th Military Police Battalion 12 20 Dec 1952
 

Kentucky
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
198th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 16 2 Dec 1954
623d Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 14 18 Mar 1955
452d Armored Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, SP) 7 17 Jan 1955
201st Engineer Combat Battalion 16 30 Mar 1955
916th Mtr Ambulance Company (Sep) 7 9 Feb 1955
917th Mtr Ambulance Company (Sep) 14 21 Feb 1955
113th Ordnance M Maintenance Company 5 20 Jan 1955
413th Ordnance By Maintenance Company (Army) 5 6 Jan 1955
718th Transportation Truck Company 3 3 Dec 1954
 

Louisiana
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
773d Heavy Tank Battalion 10 1 Nov 1954
 

Maine
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
703d AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 1 13 Apr 1952
354th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 1 15 Nov 1954
 

Maryland
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
231st Transportation Truck Battalion, HQ & HQ Det 3 21 Feb 1955
147th Transportation Truck Company 3 3 Dec 1954
165th Transportation Truck Company 5 2 Sep 1954
726th Transportation Truck Company 3 21 Feb 1955
 

Massachusetts
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
173d AAA Opn Det 6 3 Sep 1952
704th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 15 15 Mar 1953
685th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 31 Jan 1953
356th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 1 15 Nov 1954
357th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 1 15 Nov 1954
272d Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 7 17 Jan 1955
86th Army Band 11 30 Jun 1954
272d Army Band 11 7 Nov 1953
 

Michigan
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
387th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 6 6 Jan 1955
107th Ordnance M Maintenance Company 3 27 Oct 1954
1279th Engineer Combat Battalion 3 3 Dec 1954
1437th Engineer Treadway Bridge Company 1 18 Mar 1955
979th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Gun, SP) 14 4 Apr 1955
 

Minnesota
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
47th Infantry Division (in part) 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Infantry Division Headquarters (in part) 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Infantry Division, Medical Det, Division Headquarters 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Infantry Division Headquarters Company (in part) 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Military Police Company 13 2 Dec 1954
747th Ordnance Maintenance Company 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Quartermaster Company 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Signal Company 13 2 Dec 1954
135th Infantry 13 2 Dec 1954
136th Infantry 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Division Artillery Headquarters and Headquarters Battery 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Division Artillery Medical Det (less one Battalion Det) 13 2 Dec 1954
125th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 13 2 Dec 1954
175th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 13 2 Dec 1954
151st Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer) 13 2 Dec 1954
256th AAA AW Battalion (SP) 13 2 Dec 1954
194th Heavy Tank Battalion 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Recon Company 13 2 Dec 1954
682d Engineer Combat Battalion 13 2 Dec 1954
204th Medical Battalion 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Infantry Division Band 13 2 Dec 1954
216th AAA Gp Headquarters and Headquarters Battery 2 13 Jun 1952
109th Transportation Truck Battalion Headquarters & Headquarters Det 7 18 Sep 1954
114th Transportation Truck Company 7 30 Jun 1954
115th Transportation Truck Company 7 3 Dec 1954
 

Mississippi
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
31st Infantry Division (in part) 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Infantry Division Headquarters (in part) 13 30 Jun 1954
155th Infantry 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Division Artillery, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Division Artillery, Medical Det (less three Battalion Dets) 13 30 Jun 1954
932d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 13 30 Jun 1954
114th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 13 30 Jun 1954
198th Heavy Truck Battalion 13 30 Jun 1954
31st Recon Company 13 30 Jun 1954
106th Engineer C Battalion 13 30 Jun 1954
106th Medical Battalion 13 30 Jun 1954
115th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 31 Jan 1953
101st Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 1 15 Nov 1954
631st Armored Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer SP) 5 17 Dec 1954
114th Engineer Combat Battalion 7 17 Jan 1955
138th Engineer Pontoon Bridge Company (Rigid Boat) 1 01 Mar 1952
139th Engineer Treadway Bridge Company 7 17 Jan 1955
213th Medical Battalion Headquarters & Headquarters Det 7 21 Feb 1955
932d Clearing Company (Sep) 3 5 Dec 1954
123d Medical Collection Company (Sep) 3 3 Dec 1954
854th Medical Collection Company (Sep) 7 10 Jul 1952
913th Mtr Ambulance Company (Sep) 3 3 Dec 1954
 

Missouri
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
1438th Engineer Treadway Bridge Company 3 3 Dec 1954
923d Mtr Ambulance Co (Sep) 14 21 Feb 1955
175th Military Police Battalion 7 9 Feb 1955
106th Ordnance Heavy Maintenance Company (Army) 3 26 May 1955
 

Nebraska
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
43d Army Band 11 10 Oct 1954
 

New Hampshire
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
197th AAA Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 2 13 Aug 1952
358th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 15 Nov 1954
 

New Jersey
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
112th Field Artillery Gp, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 5 17 Jan 1955
150th Engineer Pontoon Bridge Company, Rigid Boat 3 20 Oct 1954
695th Armored Field Artillery Battalion 5 17 Dec 1954
30th Ordnance Battalion, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 1 26 Nov 1954
122d Ordnance M Maintenance Company 11 20 Dec 1954
63d Army Band 14 20 Jun 1954
 

New Mexico
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
181st AAA Opn Det 16 18 Mar 1955
716th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 1 13 Aug 1952
717th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 28 Feb 1953
726th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 1 13 May 1952
394th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 6 06 Jan 1955
395th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 14 07 Mar 1955
 

New York
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
102d AAA Brig Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 1 13 Jul 1952
102d AAA Opn Det 1 13 Jul 1952
105th AAA Opn Det 6 03 Sep 1952
209th AAA Gp Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 1 13 Aug 1952
773d AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 30 Apr 1953
369th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 7 10 Sep 1952
715th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 2 13 Jun 1952
336th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 17 14 Mar 1953
245th AAA Gun Battalion (120mm) 2 13 Jul 1952
259th AAA Gun Battalion (120mm) 14 22 Dec 1952
102d AAA AW Battalion (Mbl) 1 13 Jul 1952
633d AAA AW Battalion (Mbl) 17 14 Apr 1953
367th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 11 Nov 1954
368th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 13 Oct 1953
369th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 1 18 Mar 1955
421st Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 1 15 Nov 1954
187th Field Artillery Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 7 17 Jan 1955
187th Field Artillery Observation Battalion 5 17 Dec 1954
955th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 3 18 Mar 1955
29th Ordnance Battalion Headquarters & Headquarters Det 3 18 Nov 1954
102d Quartermaster Group Headquarters & Headquarters Det 7 24 Jan 1955
148th Transportation Truck Battalion, Headquarters & Headquarters Battalion 5 03 Dec 1954
701st Quartermaster Subs Supply Company 3 03 Dec 1954
148th Transportation Truck Company 3 21 Feb 1955
289th Quartermaster Petroleum Supply Company (Mbl) 3 03 Dec 1954
101st Signal Battalion (Sep) 3 23 Sep 1954
89th Army Band 11 24 Feb 1955
199th Army Band 11 15 Feb 1955
133d Ordnance M Maintenance Company 7 20 Jan 1955
132d Ordnance M Auto Maintenance Company 7 28 Jan 1955
134th Ordnance M Auto Maintenance Company 7 28 Jan 1955
 

North Carolina
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
150th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 31 Mar 1953
382d Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 15 Nov 1954
378th Engineer Combat Battalion 1 21 Feb 1954
449th Field Artillery Observation Battalion 7 17 Jan 1955
690th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer Trac-dr) 14 4 Apr 1955
540th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Gun, Trac-dr) 5 17 Dec 1954
 

North Dakota
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
47th Infantry Division (in part)    
47th Infantry Division Headquarters (in part) 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Infantry Division Headquarters Company (in part) 13 2 Dec 1954
164th Infantry 13 2 Dec 1954
188th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 13 2 Dec 1954
47th Division Artillery 13 2 Dec 1954
231st Engineer Combat Battalion 5 10 Oct 1954
 

Ohio
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
37th Infantry Division No Info No Info
37th Infantry Division Headquarters 18 15 Jun 1954
37th Infantry Division, Medical Det, Division Headquarters 18 15 Jun 1954
37th Infantry Division Headquarters Company 18 15 Jun 1954
37th Military Police Company 18 15 Jun 1954
737th Ordnance Maintenance Company 18 15 Jun 1954
37th Quartermaster Company 18 15 Jun 1954
37th Signal Company 18 15 Jun 1954
145th Infantry 18 15 Jun 1954
147th Infantry 18 15 Jun 1954
148th Infantry 18 15 Jun 1954
37th Infantry Division Artillery, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 18 15 Jun 1954
37th Division Artillery, Medical Det 18 15 Jun 1954
134 Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 18 15 Jun 1954
135th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 18 15 Jun 1954
140th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 18 15 Jun 1954
136th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 18 15 Jun 1954
137th AAA AW Battalion (SP) 18 15 Jun 1954
137th Heavy Tank Battalion 18 15 Jun 1954
37th Recon Company 18 15 Jun 1954
112th Engineer Combat Battalion 18 15 Jun 1954
112th Medical Battalion 18 15 Jun 1954
37th Infantry Division Band 18 15 Jun 1954
182nd AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 31 Dec 1952
1428th Engineer Treadway Bridge Company 7 28 Jan 1955
987th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 2 27 Sep 1954
151st Mtr Ambulance Company (Sep) 7 28 Jan 1955
50th Ordnance Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 7 10 Jun 1954
37th Ordnance Battalion, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 3 3 Dec 1954
38th Ordnance Battalion, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 3 3 Dec 1954
357th Ordnance Heavy Maintenance Company (Army) 5 6 Jan 1955
3641st Ordnance M Auto Maintenance Company 7 28 Jan 1955
112th Ordnance M Maintenance Company 7 1 Dec 1954
112th Transportation Truck Battalion, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 5 28 Jan 1955
3582d Transportation Truck Company 3 3 Dec 1954
3583d Transportation Truck Company 3 3 Dec 1954
3584th Transportation Truck Company 5 3 Dec 1954
122d Army Band 12 24 Feb 1955
 

Oklahoma
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
45th Infantry Division    
45th Infantry Division Headquarters 4 30 Apr 1954
45th Infantry Division Medical Det, Division Headquarters 4 30 Apr 1954
45th Infantry Division, Headquarters Company 4 30 Apr 1954
45th Military Police Company 4 30 Apr 1954
700th Ordnance Maintenance Company 4 30 Apr 1954
45th Quartermaster Company 4 30 Apr 1954
45th Signal Company 4 30 Apr 1954
179th Infantry 4 30 Apr 1954
180th Infantry 4 30 Apr 1954
279th Infantry 4 30 Apr 1954
45th Division Artillery, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 4 30 Apr 1954
45th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 30 Apr 1954
158th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 30 Apr 1954
160th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 30 Apr 1954
171st Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 30 Apr 1954
189th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer) 4 30 Apr 1954
145th AAA AW Battalion (SP) 4 30 Apr 1954
245th Heavy Tank Battalion 4 30 Apr 1954
45th Recon Company 4 30 Apr 1954
120th Engineer Combat Battalion 4 30 Apr 1954
120th Medical Battalion 4 30 Apr 1954
45th Infantry Division Band 4 30 Apr 1954
143d Engineer Treadway Bridge Company 7 17 Jan 1955
 

Pennsylvania
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
28th Infantry Division    
28th Infantry Division Headquarters 4 15 Jun 1954
28th Infantry Division, Medical Det, Division Headquarters 4 15 Jun 1954
28th Infantry Division, Headquarters Company 4 15 Jun 1954
28th Military Police Company 4 15 Jun 1954
728th Ordnance Maintenance Company 4 15 Jun 1954
28th Quartermaster Company 4 15 Jun 1954
28th Signal Company 4 15 Jun 1954
109th Infantry 4 15 Jun 1954
110th Infantry 4 15 Jun 1954
112th Infantry 4 15 Jun 1954
28th Division Artillery, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 4 15 Jun 1954
28th Division Artillery, Medical Det 4 15 Jun 1954
107th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 15 Jun 1954
109th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 15 Jun 1954
229th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 15 Jun 1954
108th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer) 4 15 Jun 1954
899 AAA AW Battalion (SP) 4 15 Jun 1954
628th Heavy Tank Battalion 4 15 Jun 1954
28th Recon Company 4 15 Jun 1954
103d Engineer Combat Battalion 4 15 Jun 1954
103d Medical Battalion 4 15 Jun 1954
28th Infantry Division Band 4 15 Jun 1954
51st AAA Brig, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 2 15 Jun 1954
151st AAA Opn Det 2 28 Jul 1952
213th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 1 28 May 1952
337th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 31 Dec 1952
707th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 2 13 Jun 1952
708th AAA Gun Battalion (120mm) 16 28 Feb 1953
709th AAA Gun Battalion (120mm) 2 13 Aug 1952
3622d Ordnance M Maintenance Company 7 10 Oct 1954
3623d Ordnance M Maintenance Company 7 10 Mar 1955
372d Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 15 Nov 1954
393d Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 1 15 Nov 1954
373d Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 15 Nov 1954
68th Engineer Combat Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Company 9 24 Feb 1955
645th Engineer Combat Battalion 7 17 Jan 1955
190th Field Artillery Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 7 15 Feb 1955
176th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (105mm) 3 27 Sep 1954
967th Armored Field Artillery Battalion 16 18 Mar 1955
200th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 14 07 Mar 1955
235th Field Artillery Observation Battalion 7 20 Dec 1954
32d Quartermaster Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 7 28 Jan 1955
154th Transportation Truck Battalion, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 7 28 Jan 1955
167th Transportation Truck Battalion, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 3 23 Jun 1955
121st Transportation Truck Company 3 21 Feb 1955
131st Transportation Truck Company 3 18 Sep 1954
721st Transportation Truck Company 3 3 Dec 1954
722d Transportation Truck Company 7 7 Jan 1955
185th Signal Light Construction Battalion 5 21 Sep 1954
243d Army Band 11 20 May 1954
276th Army Band 11 14 Mar 1954
129th Signal Service Company (Rad Int), Corps 7 15 Apr 1955
150th Signal Service Company (Rad Int), Corps 7 25 Jun 1955
 

Puerto Rico
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
296th Regimental Combat Team    
296th Infantry 8 19 Nov 1954
482d Field Artillery Battalion 14 19 Nov 1954
225th Engineer Combat Company 14 2 Dec 1954
 

Rhode Island
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
43d Infantry Division (in part) 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Infantry Division Headquarters (in part) 4 15 Jun 1954
743d Ordnance Maintenance Company 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Quartermaster Company 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Signal Company 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Division Artillery, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Division Artillery Medical Det (less Three Battalion Dets) 4 15 Jun 1954
103d Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 4 15 Jun 1954
169th AAA AW Bn (SP) 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Recon Company 4 15 Jun 1954
118th Engineer Combat Battalion 4 15 Jun 1954
705th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 4 13 Jul 1952
359th Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 15 Nov 1954
 

South Carolina
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
228th AAA Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 7 13 Jul 1952
713th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 1 13 Jun 1952
383d Signal Radar Maintenance Unit, Type C 2 15 Nov 1955
95th Army Band 11 24 Feb 1955
 

South Dakota
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
196th Regimental Combat Team    
196th Infantry 4 10 Oct 1954
147th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 10 Oct 1954
200th Engineer Combat Company 4 10 Oct 1954
109th Engineer C Battalion 5 17 Dec 1954
 

Tennessee
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
278th Regimental Combat Team    
278th Infantry 4 8 Oct 1954
191st Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 8 Oct 1954
190th Engineer Combat Company 4 8 Oct 1954
194th Engineer Combat Battalion 3 20 Jan 1955
2998th Engineer Treadway Bridge Company 3 20 Jan 1954
196th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 3 18 Mar 1955
933d Clearing Company (Sep) 7 21 Feb 1955
168th Military Police Battalion 5 2 Jul 1952
961st Ordnance M Maintenance Company 3 3 Dec 1954
568th Ordnance Heavy Maintenance Company (Army) 1 14 Mar 1955
129th Army Band 11 21 Feb 1955
 

Texas
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
95th Medical Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 7 21 Feb 1955
211 Medical Battalion, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 7 28 Mar 1955
926 Mtr Ambulance Company (Sep) 7 9 Feb 1955
95th Army Band 11 20 Feb 1955
 

Utah
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
115th Engineer C Group Headquarters & Headquarters Company 3 5 Dec 1954
115th Engineer C Battalion 16 1 Feb 1956
213th Armored Field Artillery Battalion 3 28 Oct 1954
204th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Gun, Sp) 5 18 Mar 1955
145th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Gun, Trac-dr) 5 18 Mar 1955
653d Field Artillery Observation Battalion 7 17 Jan 1955
 

Vermont
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
43d Infantry Division (in part)    
43d Infantry Division Headquarters (in part) 4 15 Jun 1954
173d Infantry 4 15 Jun 1954
43d Division Artillery, Medical Det (one Battalion Det) 4 15 Jun 1954
206th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer) 4 15 Jun 1954
 

Virginia
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
177th AAA Opn Det 17 18 Mar 1955
224th AAA Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 2 13 Aug 1952
710th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 2 13 Apr 1952
560th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer, Trac-dr) 16 18 Mar 1955
221st Army Band 11 14 Feb 1954
 

Washington
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
115th AAA Opn Det 1 13 Aug 1952
420th AAA Gun Battalion (90mm) 16 31 Dec 1952
770th AAA Gun Battalion (120mm) 2 13 Jul 1952
66th Field Artillery Group, Headquarters & Headquarters Battery 7 10 Jul 1952
 

West Virginia
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
     
201st Armored Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer SP) 7 17 Jan 1955
1092d Engineer Combat Battalion 3 18 Mar 1955
126th Transportation Truck Battalion, Headquarters & Headquarters Det 7 9 Feb 1955
480th Transportation Truck Company 7 9 Feb 1955
254th Transportation Truck Company 7 10 Mar 1955
 

Wyoming
 

Unit Designation Increment
No.
Release
Date
141st Tank Battalion 7 17 Jan 1955
300th Armored Field Artillery Battalion 3 27 Sep 1954
 

Back to Page Contents

Resources

The Korean War Educator highly recommends the following educational resources that provide extensive information about the Army National Guard in the Korean War.  If there are other resources available that KWE readers know about, be sure to contact lynnita@koreanwar-educator.org.

A Very Long Weekend: The Army National Guard in Korea 1950-1953

Authored by Bill Berebitsky, this is the story of the 43 Army Guard units that served in Korea. Unit command reports and long forgotten news articles are combined with the recollections of 83 guardsmen and 9 men assigned to guard units. Hard cover, 300 pages, 28 illustrations, 9 maps. Order Information: $22.45 + $2.50 shipping & handling. Send checks payable to "A Very Long Weekend", 250 Mugo Pine Circle, Reno, NV 89511. Nevada residents add appropriate sales tax.

When Are We Going? The Army National Guard and the Korean War, 1950-1953

Authored by Renee Hylton, this is a publication that was distributed free of charge by the National Guard Bureau in Washington, DC. during the government's activities surrounding the 50th anniversary of the Korean War.  Hylton has done an excellent job of providing a comprehensive review of the Army National Guard's role in the Korean War.  The charts shown above (listing the activated Guard units) came from this booklet.  According to Hylton there are some 3,000 copies of this booklet still available through the National Guard Bureau.  To obtain a copy of it, send your name and U.S. mail address (it cannot be a post office box address), along with a request for a copy of "When Are We Going?" to: Renee.Hylton@ngb.ang.af.mil.

Korea 1950

Center of Military History, Department of the Army [CMH Pub. 21-1], reprinted 1989. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.

Fighting On The Brink: Defense of the Pusan Perimeter

Authored by BG Uzal W. Ent, USA, Retired, Turner Publishing Company, 412 Broadway, PO Box 3101, Paducah, KY
42002-0121, 1996.

In Mortal Combat Korea, 1950-1953

John Toland, Quill, William Morrow, NY, 1991.

Counterattack on the Naktong, 1950

From the Leavenworth Papers series, Dr. William Glenn Roberston, Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, Dec 1985. The book studies the withdrawal by the 24th Infantry division to the Perimeter, their defensive battles along the Naktong River and counterattack by the division on Aug 17, 1950 with the aid of the Provisional Marine Brigade. Available free from USAC&GSC upon request.

 

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