United Nations Involvement
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|Australia||2 infantry battalions||9 naval vessels||1 fighter squadron, 1 transport squadron|
|Belgium/Luxembourg||1 infantry battalion||n/a**||n/a|
|Canada||1 infantry brigade||8 naval vessels||1 transport squadron|
|Ethiopia||1 infantry battalion||n/a||n/a|
|France||1 infantry battalion||1 naval vessel||n/a|
|Greece||1 infantry battalion||n/a||1 transport battalion|
|Netherlands||1 infantry battalion||6 naval vessels||n/a|
|New Zealand||1 artillery regiment||4 naval vessels||n/a|
|Philippines||1 battalion combat team||n/a||n/a|
|South Africa||15 soldiers attached to British ground forces||n/a||1 fighter squadron|
|Thailand||1 infantry battalion||4 naval vessels||1 transport unit|
|Turkey||1 infantry brigade||n/a||n/a|
|United Kingdom||2 infantry brigades||50 naval vessels||n/a|
*The number of naval vessels reflects main battle vessels only.
** Not applicable.
|Country||Dates of Service|
|Australia||July 1, 1950 to February 12, 1954|
|Belgium||January 31, 1951 to June 15, 1955|
|Canada||July 30, 1950 to September 7, 1955|
|Colombia||June 15, 1951 to October 11, 1955|
|Ethiopia||May 7, 1951 to January 3, 1965|
|France||July 22, 1950 to November 6, 1953|
|Greece||December 9, 1950 to December 11, 1955|
|Luxembourg||January 31, 1951 to June 15, 1955|
|Netherlands||November 23, 1950 to December 6, 1954|
|New Zealand||August 1, 1950 to October 6, 1954|
|Philippines||September 19, 1950 to May 13, 1955|
|South Africa||November 16, 1950 to October 31, 1953|
|Thailand||November 7, 1950 to June 23, 1972|
|Turkey||October 19, 1950 to September 4, 1953|
|United Kingdom||June 30, 1950 to 1957 (date unknown)|
|Country/Unit Designation||Beds||Medical Staff||In-patients|
|Denmark - Jutlandia Hospital Ship||360||200||15,000|
|India - 60th Field Ambulance Unit||1,000||345||20,000|
|Italy - Red Cross Hospital No. 68||150||131||17,041|
|Norway - Mobile Army Surgical Hospital||200||106||14,755|
|Sweden Red Cross Field Hospital||450||160||900|
Following is the estimated number of foreign military personnel who served in Korea during the war years.
Grey, Jeffrey. The Commonwealth Armies and the Korean War (1988)
Republic of Korea, Ministry of National Defense, 6. The History of the United Nations Forces in the Korea War (1981)
Sandler, Stanley, ed. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia (1955).
Summers, Harry. Korean War Almanac (1990).
The following article by David Newman was found on a website which is no longer active
The Korean War is another Canadian War fought on Foreign Soil. In fact Canada wasn't a battlefield since the War of 1812 (although there was a revolution in 1837). In 1950, The Communist North Korea attacks democratic South Korea (Sounds like the war in Vietnam, eh?). The UN asked North Korean Forces to get out of South Korea. The North Koreans refused and the UN asked member countries to push North Koreans out of South Korea. Canada was one of the countries to go to Korea.
Canada made many plans before sending men to Korea. Louis St. Laurent decided that Canada would go to Korea after many people wanted to see Canada play a role in the Conflict. 5,000 men were gathered and trained. But soldiers were killed before setting foot in Korea. A train carrying soldiers collided with a British Colombian train. 17 Canadian Soldiers were killed in the collision and 70 were injured.
In April 1951, Canada was in a major Battle. The battle was that of Kap' yong when Chinese and North Koreans attacked the South Koreans. Behind them was the "British Commonwealth Brigade" including the Canadian Battalion. The Australians withdrew from battle but Canada kept their position.
More Canadian soldiers arrived in the next month. Canada attempted to attack Chail-li. In October of 1952, Chinese Soldiers attacked Canadian-Held position at Hill 355 an important UN stronghold. But after destroying Fortifications, the Chinese withdrew and Canada kept its position. The conflict ended in 1953 when the Korean Armistice Agreement was signed on July 27th. Both countries still exist. Most Canadians left Korea at that point. All Canadian Troops had left by 1955. Canada had sent 26,791 men. Canadian forces suffered 1,558 casualties.
The following information came from Ed Evanhoe of Antlers, Oklahoma. It was found on an internet message board at www.korean-war.com.
The first of four Colombian Battalions--1st Battalion Colombia--to serve in Korea during the war arrived in June 1951 and stayed until replaced by the 2nd Battalion Colombia July 1952. The 2nd Battalion Colombia was replaced by the 3rd Battalion Colombia in November 1952. It was replaced by the 4th Battalion Colombia in June 1953 and stayed in Korea until October 1954. Each of these units had a field strength of 1,000 men. The 1st Battalion Colombia was assigned to the U.S. 24th Infantry Division on arrival but transferred to the U.S. 7th Infantry Division, January 23, 1952 when the U.S. 24th Division returned to Japan. The 2nd and 3rd Battalion Colombia also fought as part of the U.S. 7th Infantry Division. It is worth noting the 3rd Battalion was severely mauled in March 1953 when Chinese forces overran "Old Baldy." In this battle Colombian forces fought well but were overwhelmed when a full Chinese division attacked. Thus the 3rd Battalion had the dubious distinction of suffering the most casualties of any Colombian unit.
Colombia also sent six naval vessels to Korea.
The following information was found on the Korean War Project at www.kwp.org:
A todos los interesados en saber la lista de los integrantes del batallon colombia nº1, que participaron en la guerra de Corea, durante los años 1950 al 1954, les deseo informar que existe un libro llamado "Colombia en Corea" y puede ser consultado el la biblioteca de la Escuela Militar de Cadetes "General José Maria Cordoba" en la ciudad de Bogotá.
The following information was pulled from the French Embassy website on the internet.
French Participation in the Korean War
"I shall speak briefly of the 23rd US Infantry Regiment, Colonel Paul L. Freeman commanding, [and] with the French Battalion…. Isolated far in advance of the general battle line, completely surrounded in near-zero weather, they repelled repeated assaults by day and night by vastly superior numbers of Chinese. They were finally relieved…. I want to say that these American fighting men, with their French comrades-in-arms, measured up in every way to the battle conduct of the finest troops America and France have produced throughout their national existence."
General Ridgway's statement before a joint session of Congress in May 1952.
On 25 June 1950, 7 North Korean divisions crossed over the 38th parallel, supported by 150 tanks. Less than 60 days later, the invasion force, which met with hardly any resistance, was occupying almost the whole peninsula.
On 22 July, following the British, the Turks and the Australians, France announced that it would join the multinational force, responsible for the implementation of international law and for reestablishing the territorial integrity of South Korea. However, it took the determination of a few French political officials and two General Officers to make this generous move a reality. Indeed, France was hardly back on its feet in the wake of the disastrous Second World War and its army was already engaged in Indochina.
The Chief of Staff of the French Army, General Blanc, who refused to make available active units still anemic and badly equipped, decided to form a battalion of volunteers made up of active and reserve personnel.
Lieutenant General Monclar, Inspector of the Foreign Legion, supported the idea and proposed to be the Commander of that unusual unit which readiness time was considerably reduced. The winner at Narvick, wounded 17 times during the two World Wars, General Monclar, accepted to wear again the stripes of a Lieutenant Colonel.
Arrived in Pusan on November 29, 1950, the battalion regrouped at Suwon and was placed under the operational control of the 23rd U.S. Infantry Regiment, 2nd U.S. Infantry Division. Triggering at first skepticism among the Americans, it did not take long for the French volunteers, rather facetious and sometimes undisciplined, to win the esteem of the U.N. forces and especially of General Ridgway, Commander of the 8th Army, by carrying out several successful hits.
From January 7 to 12 January 1951, the French Battalion participated in the Battle of Wonju where, thanks to a decisive bayonet attack, it stopped the Chinese advance. That episode was echoed around the world by American war correspondents reporting from the theater.
It was followed by the battles of Twin Tunnels (1 - 2 February 1951) and of Chipyong-Ni (3 - 16 February 1951). These combats, during which the battalion resisted the attacks of four Chinese divisions for three days, allowed the 8th Army to score a victorious counter-offensive.
Less than three weeks later, the battalion, which had already won two American Presidential Citations, was again engaged in combat for hill # 1037 (Hongchon region, 50 miles east of Seoul). The seizing of hill 1037 in minus 30-degree cold, opened the road to the 38th parallel. It resulted in 40 dead and 200 wounded.
In the spring of 1951, the battalion crossed the 38th parallel into the Hwachon region. The sacrifice of the engineering platoon allowed to stop a new Chinese offensive. This feat of arms won the battalion its third American Presidential citation.
In the fall of 1951, the French volunteers took part in the battle of Heartbreak Ridge where they won fame again during a night attack. In the course of these combats which lasted a month, 60 French soldiers were killed and 200 were wounded.
In the fall of 1952, after a lethal war of positions, similar to Verdun during WW I, the battalion put a halt in Chongwon, North Korea, to a Chinese offensive toward Seoul. This resistance resulted in 47 dead and 144 wounded. The total Chinese losses against the French battalion were estimated at 2000 men.
In the winter and the spring of 1953, the battalion took part in combats which kept the North Korean and Chinese forces from reaching Seoul.
After the signing of the armistice in July 1953, the French Battalion left Korea with five French Citations to the Order of the Army; the French Fourragère in the colors of the Military Medal; two Korean Presidential Citations; and three American Distinguished Unit Citations.
The French Battalion was the most famous unit of the United Nations Forces in this war.
The French Navy took part also in this conflict to repel the Communist North Korean and Chinese forces: Commanded by Commander Cabanie, the frigate "La Grandière" reached the theater of operations on 29 July 1950 and immediately engaged in transport and escort missions between Japan and Pusan (South Korea). In recognition of its action, the crew of the ship was awarded the Korean War Service Medal.
In total, 3421 French servicemen were involved in the Korea War. Of these, 287 were killed in action; 1350 wounded in action; 7 missing in action; and 12 became prisoners of war.
[KWE Note: The United Kingdom is Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Great Britain consists of three regions--England, Scotland and Wales. The remainder of Ireland (the Republic of Ireland or Eire) is an independent country that is not part of the United Kingdom.]
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